Thursday, 28 August 2014

Signs of Parkinson's Disease

 8 Early Signs of Parkinson's Disease

Degenerative diseases such as Alzheimer's and Parkinson's represent
 some of the largest challenges facing medical researchers today.
 These diseases not only rob us of control over our own bodies, 
but slowly sap our mental capabilities as well. Like most diseases, 
however, they are best detected early on, when we can at least slow down
 the progress of the disease, hopefully until better treatments are found. 
To do this, we must be aware of the early symptoms and signs 
that point to Parkinson's.
Note: Don't panic if you have one or more of these symptoms, 
as they can be related to other issues. However, to stay on 
the safe side, if you think there is even a small chance 
you are showing early signs, please get tested, if only 
for your own peace of mind. If you do have it and 
you catch it early, the prognosis will be much better for you.
Here are 8 early symptoms of the onset of Parkinson's disease.

1. A change in handwriting
If a person's handwriting starts to go from big and free to 
small and cramped, this may well be an early sign of 
Parkinson's. The telling signs are letters that get smaller a
nd words that seem crowded together with letters almost 
written on each other. Many patients also take longer to 
write and have trouble with repetitive tasks.

2. A reduced sense of smell
If someone is suddenly having trouble smelling pungent
foods or picking up on scents, they should go see a doctor. 
Most times it has to do with sinuses, and it's definitely 
not one of the most obvious signs of Parkinson's, but 
doctors say patients with Parkinson's claim it is the 
earliest sign they had of the disease. While studies 
haven't proven the link between the symptom and the 
disease, a working theory is that certain proteins form 
clumps in the brain and may form in the olfactory area, 

reducing our sense of smell.
sense of smell
3. Trouble sleeping
Another symptom that can be easily ignored because 
it's so common, is the sudden inability to sleep well, 
even if you're usually a sound sleeper. Suddenly you 
toss and turn, your limbs move and twitch during sleep, 
or you may even wake up on the floor, having fallen 
from bed. Ask your significant other if you are making 
a lot of movements at night, and go see a doctor if it persists. 

4. A quieter, softer voice or an expressionless face
A softer voice and a masked face are common signs of 
Parkinson's. Some will not notice they are speaking 
at a softer tone, and they definitely won't notice their 
face losing expression, so it is up to the people 
around them to be aware of these signs. Speaking 
too rapidly or stammering a lot is also a symptom. 
expressionless face
5. Depression
Obviously many patients develop depression after 
learning they have Parkinson's, but there is a 
physical link between the deterioration that 
comes with Parkinson's and depression. Some patients 
get depressed years before the other symptoms of the 
disease appear. Lower-than-normal secretions of serotonin 
and dopamine, the neurotransmitters invovled with many 
bodily functions as well as mood, can cause this effect.

6. Constipation
If you find that you've seriously reduced the number 
of times you move your bowels, sometimes even skipping 
a day - that's not a good sign, even if it's not Parkinson's, 
and so you should check it out. The disease has an effect 
on the autonomic nervous system, which is responsible 
for unconscious processes such as digestion and bowel function. 
Constipation on its own is usually nothing to worry about, 
but if it comes with some of the other symptoms on 
this list - go get checked immediately.  

7. Shaking or having tremors while perfectly relaxed
Shaking is perfectly normal under certain circumstances. 
We may be excited or anxious, have just finished a 
workout or are feeling restless. But small shakes in our 
fingers, our hands, our chin, lip of full limbs while we're at 
rest could be a strong sign of Parkinson's, according to 
the National Parkinson Foundation. This symptom appears 
in about 70% of patients and can become more noticeable 
during stress or excitement. This symptom usually arrives 
AFTER the other symptoms on this list though. However, 
many a time it is the first one truly noticed, as the 
others can all have other explanations. 


8. Stiffness and slowness of movement
Stiffness in the joints that doesn't go away, coupled with 
muscle weakness that's here to stay can spell bad news. 
Suddenly everyday tasks like buttoning your shirt, 
walking or fixing things around the house become 
bothersome and difficult. You stop swinging your arms 
as you walk and your legs and feet feel heavy and 'stuck 
to the floor'. If you start hesitating before taking 
steps, or people are commenting that you look stiff 
or sore - please see a doctor.


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